Tengku Amina Munira (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Deep and surface approaches to learning are terms that are often heard in the academic world. The idea that learners approach learning through different styles has driven extensive research in higher education. Understanding the differences between deep and surface learning is critical for educators as it will help them determine the best methods and strategies to use in order to encourage their learners to learn in ways that matter most.
The table below provides a quick look at the distinctions between deep and surface learning.
Increasing the knowledge and understanding of a subject by grasping underlying principles
Long-lasting personal changey
Hay, D. B. (2007). "Using Concept Maps to Measure Deep, Surface and Non-Learning Outcomes." Studies in Higher Education 32(1), pp. 39-57.
Hamm, S., & Robertson, I. (2010). "Preferences for Deep-Surface Learning: A Vocational Education Case Study Using a Multimedia Assessment Activity." Australasian Journal of Educational Technology 26(7), pp. 951-965.