The business of institutions of higher learning is to facilitate learners' acquisition of useful subject-matter knowledge for career building and advancement, and/or for self-fulfilment. That, in itself, is already a massive undertaking that demands from learners investments of time, effort and scarce financial resources. Be that as it may, should universities be content with only facilitating knowledge acquisition? Is subject-matter knowledge by itself sufficient if learners are unable to put it to work in real-life situations? If not, then whose responsibility is it to ensure that learners are able to apply the knowledge they have learnt? Lastly, what strategies can we employ to ensure that learners are able to put knowledge to work? These constitute some of the key questions interrogated in TCX32 in the general and ODL contexts.